Medical marijuana refers to any part of the plant that is used not to get high but to treat the symptoms such as pain, arising from various health problems. It is sold legally in states and other countries that allow its use, under very strict rules and regulations. It has all the ingredients similar to the marijuana that is used for pleasure, but with less of the chemicals that bring about the feelings of euphoria.
Main ingredients in medical marijuana
There are hundreds of chemicals found in the marijuana plants, which are collectively known as cannabinoids. CBD and THC are the two major chemicals that give the plant its characteristics. THC is what brings about the pleasurable effect that marijuana smokers desire to get, but it also has some amazing effects that are used in the treatment of various medical problems. CBD is also helpful as a medical treatment, but it does not give the feeling of euphoria.
How medical marijuana works
Marijuana can be ingested in various forms. The most common are through smoking or eating. When smoked, you can begin to feel its effects almost immediately. Eating, on the other hand, will take about an hour before you begin to feel its effects. For ingestion through smoking, the THC in the smoke goes to your lungs and then passes through to your blood stream. Chemical dopamine is then released by the brain after it detects the THC. The release of dopamine is what makes you feel high.
Main uses of medical marijuana
Medical marijuana can be used to relieve pain, loss of appetite, and nausea in patients who have HIV and cancer. Some research also indicates that medical marijuana can prevent or reduce seizures in individuals who have epilepsy. It can also relieve the symptoms of multiple sclerosis such as spasms, stiffness, frequent urination, and pain.
The side effects of medical marijuana
Using marijuana comes with a number of side effects, both short-term and long-term. For short-term, you are likely to experience a change in your moods. Feel relaxed, happy, anxious, or sleepy. It can also affect your short-term memory as well as disrupt your ability to make decisions. The effects only last for less than three hours. For large doses, you may experience delusions, hallucinations, and paranoia. Some of the long-term effects include respiratory problems and a risk of lung infections. You may also suffer mental illness, addiction, anxiety, and depression.